Jute Name Meaning Historically, surnames evolved as a way to sort people into groups - by occupation, place of origin, clan affiliation, patronage, parentage, adoption, and even physical characteristics (like red hair). The Bengali peasants responded quickly to meet the world demand by increasing the area under jute cultivation. (noun) The primary source of the fiber is Corchorus olitorius, but it is considered inferior to Corchorus capsularis. The Jutes, along with the Angles, Saxons and Frisians, were mentioned amongst the Germanic tribes who sailed across the North Sea to raid and eventually invade Great Britain. The jute plant, a native of the Indian subcontinent, is a herbaceous annual growing to a height of around 10 to 12 feet with a central cylindrical stem, and 4- to 6-inch long light green leaves and yellow flowers. Jute, member of a Germanic people who, with the Angles and Saxons, invaded Britain in the 5th century ad. – hereof, in part along with the style of design, the name Of ORIGIN. Since we respect your right to privacy, you can choose not to permit data collection from certain types of services. During most of its history, three-quarters of the labourers in jute factories were non-Bengalis. What is jute’s origin and history? Jute (Corchorus olitorius) is an edible leafy vegetable which is a member of genus Corchorus classified under the subfamily Grewioideae of the family Malvaceae. Thanks to this policy and periodic devaluation of currency, Bangladesh could retain its position of a prime exporter of jute goods in the dollar areas of export. jute (n.) name of a plant fiber used in making coarse fabrics and paper, and the plant which produces it, 1746, from Bengali jhuto, ultimately from Sanskrit juta-s "twisted hair, matted hair," related to jata "braid of hair," a word of unknown origin, perhaps from a non-Indo-European language. In 1793 the East India Company brought 100 tons to Britain. Among the jute mills owned by BJMC, 46 had satisfactory financial performance in 1982-83, when their profit before contribution to national exchequer was about Tk 240 million. The raw jute for the industry used to come from Eastern Bengal. It is widely found in tropical and subtropical areas from Asia to Africa appreciated as food and for its strong fiber. Find the origins, meaning of the Jute name, photos, and more. Jute plants grow to be over 10 feet high, and the fibers derived from these plants are harvested in a single long string. BJMC Mills     96,523              537 A small, piece of jute paper with Chinese characters written on it has been discovered in Dunhuang in Gansu Province, in northwest China. The situation worsened for jute cultivation during the Great Depression of 1929-33. This made the fiber more pliable and easily separable, and resulted in the production of a usable thread. Moreover, they could offer a finer quality of jute. The growth of the industry was significant during the 20 years between 1900 and 1920. Jute has a long history of use in the sackings, carpets, wrapping fabrics (cotton bale), and construction fabric manufacturing industry. This led to a rapid increase in the demand for jute. Jute is extracted from the bark of the white jute plant (Corchorus capsularis) and to a lesser extent from tossa jute (C. olitorius). These plants are native to the Indian subcontinent and are grown throughout the year. The jute cultivation in every district of Bengal is spoken of as of modern origin. Many of the modern surnames in the dictionary can be traced back to Britain and Ireland. Major jute growing countries are India, Pakistan and Bangladesh accounting for 90 per cent of the global production. JUTE 2. Jute definition, a strong, coarse fiber used for making burlap, gunny, cordage, etc., obtained from two East Indian plants, Corchorus capsularis and C. olitorius, of the linden family. Jute is known as the Golden fiber of Bangladesh. Jute and flax are amongst the oldest fibres in the world dating back 5000 B.C. Plant. This had a negative impact on the area under jute cultivation. In order to understand the current state of affairs in the industry, one must look into the background of the jute industry and the events that took place over the last several decades. Since then, the industry did not return to flax or cotton. Jute family history, genealogy, and family tree. Find the origins, meaning of the Jute name, photos, and more. Jute, a long, soft plant fiber that is spun into coarse, strong threads, is obtained from the plants Corchorus olitorius and Corchorus capsularis. The Jutes have no recorded history on the European continent, but there is considerable evidence that their home was in the Scandinavian area (probably Jutland) and that those who did not migrate were later absorbed by the Danes. It is believed it was produced during the Western Han Dynasty (206 BC--220 AD). The government offered cash subsidy to the industry, which amounted to Tk 200 million annually. We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. In 1855 Calcutta became the site of the first jute mill in India… TOTAL :         5,35,878          3139. Jute, member of a Germanic people who, with the Angles and Saxons, invaded Britain in the 5th century ad. The World Bank continued to work closely with the government to restructure the jute sector, especially through denationalization, merger, dissolution, closure and setting up of new units. With the establishment of jute mills, Bengal became a major exporter of sacking bags. BJSA Mills       20,000 M. Tons (yarn/twine), BJSA Bangladesh Jute Spinners Association (Private Sector). Traditionally they were said to have settled in Kent and Hampshire. Some jute was brought to Dundee, Scotland where eventually a process was designed to spin jute yarn in large volumes. Since we respect your right to privacy, you can choose not to permit data collection from certain types of services. In 1914, leading districts in terms of the above ratio were Rangpur (28 %,) Bogra (25%), Tippera (comilla, 24%), Pabna (21%), Dhaka (18%), Faridpur (16%), Hughli (West Bengal, 13%), Rajshahi (11%), Jessore (10%), Nadia (10%), and Dinajpur (7%). History. BY SUNIL TALEKAR-M. SC. Jute in india 1. Major jute growing countries are India, Pakistan and Bangladesh accounting for 90 per cent of the global production. In sixty years between 1880 and 1940, the number of mills increased by 5 times, that of looms by about 14 times, of spindles by 19 times, and of persons employed by 11 times (see Table). Jute fabric is a type of textile fiber made from the jute plant. The valuation process and settlement of other organizational matters relating to handing over of the mills took a long time. The Jutes , Iuti, or Iutæ (Danish: Jyde, Old English: Ēotas) were one of the Anglo-Saxon tribes who settled in England after the departure of the Romans. History. The history of the ‘golden fibre’ is as interesting as the fibre itself. Jute fiber is manufactured mostly from two commercially important species, namely White Jute (Corchours capsularis), and Tossa Jute (Corchorus olitorius). It is produced from flowering plants in the genus Corchorus, which is in the mallow family Malvaceae. Braided rugs have a rich, deep rooted history. After the end of the First World War in 1918, the world demand for raw jute decreased. Over the past 25 years the Indian family behind TrueJute has been trading in and manufacturing with Jute. Jute was used for many years by the people of India, but in small quantities for products such as rope and paper. Jute mills incurred losses regularly over years and external donor agencies pressed hard for denationalization. Jute leaves are also consumed among the Luhya people of Western Kenya, where it is commonly known as mrenda or murere. The Jutes were a Germanic people who are believed to have come from Jutland (called Iutum in Latin) in modern Denmark inclusive Southern Schleswig in Northern Germany and part of the Frisian coast. In 1793 the East India Company brought 100 tons to Britain. Five new companies started in 1874 and 8 more in 1875. The Songhai people of … The History of Jute. n. A member of a Germanic people who invaded Britain in the fifth and sixth centuries ad and settled in the south and southeast and on the Isle of Wight. ), 38   Lac bales     (0.68   Million   Ton). Indians also used ropes and twines made of jute for household and other purposes. The Jutes have no recorded history on the European continent, but there is considerable evidence that their home was in the Scandinavian area (probably Jutland) and that those who did not Thus, Bengal experienced a real boom in jute industry towards the end of the nineteenth century. Attracted by the easy availability of power, George Auckland, an Englishman established the first jute mill. When English traders saw the potential of the plant they began to export large quantities of it. It dates as far back as the Mughal rule in India State where villager wore clothes made out of jute. 21.00 Lac bales  (0.37 Million Ton  1000 Cr. jute (jo͞ot), name for any plant of the genus Corchorus, tropical annuals of the family Tiliaceae (linden linden, common name for the Tiliaceae, a family of chiefly woody shrubs and trees. A Short History of the Calcutta Jute Mill Industry, 1855-1927. Mcwilliams Jute Name Meaning Historically, surnames evolved as a way to sort people into groups - by occupation, place of origin, clan affiliation, patronage, parentage, adoption, and even physical characteristics (like red hair). Jute plants grow to be over 10 feet high, and the fibers derived from these plants are harvested in a single long string. In one district its introduction is fixed at 1872, in another at 1865, in a third before the date of the British rule and in a fourth it is put down at 500 years ago. The name is related to Old Norse Iotar. In 1838, the Dutch government specified bags made of jute instead of flax for carrying coffee from the East Indies. By 1939, economic recovery took place. The British also found out means to soften the hard and brittle nature of jute fiber by adding oil and water. However, another species of jute, called Corchorus capsularis (tossa jute) is considered to be superior even though it is harder to cultivate. The Jutes invaded and settled in southern Britain in the late fourth century during the Migration period, as part of a larger wave of Germanic settlement in Britain. It is a natural fiber comprised with silky and golden shine. It comes from a plant which... | Meaning, pronunciation, translations and examples They also made other items like ropes and twines from jute. When you visit any website, it may store or retrieve information through your browser, usually in the form of cookies. Origin and Distribution of Jute: The primary centre of origin of C.olitorius is Africa and the secondary centre may be India or Indo- Burma and south China. Jute family history, genealogy, and family tree. Denationalization of jute mills started in July 1982. Bengalis generally occupied only the intermediate position in the industry. Secondly, it situation was in close proximity to the jute growing districts of Eastern Bengal and Assam. The two species of the jute plant do not differ much except in terms of quality of the jute fibers, growing habits, and the shapes of their respective seed pods. The center of origin of white jute is said to be Indo-Burma including South China, and that of tossa Africa. The Jutes were a Germanic people who are believed to have come from Jutland (called Iutum in Latin) in modern Denmark inclusive Southern Schleswig in Northern Germany and part of the Frisian coast. A member of a Germanic people that (according to Bede) joined the Angles and Saxons in invading Britain in the 5th century, settling in a region including Kent and the Isle of … While there are a few different botanical varieties of jute, one of the main species used to make jute fabric is Corchorus olitorius (white jute). As a result jute industry of Bangladesh, the first two years after liberation was the period of reorganization. Jute is an annual herbaceous plant sized 10 to 12 feet (3 to 3.6 meters) tall. See Jute paper from Western Han Dynasty Period from 17th century Old English Eotas, Iutas (plural), one of the ancient Germanic inhabitants of Jutland, the peninsula between modern Germany and Denmark, who, with the Angles and Saxons invaded Britain in 5c.. In one district its introduction is fixed at 1872, in another at 1865, in a third before the date of the British rule and in a fourth it is put down at 500 years ago. They are composed of cellulose and lignin. Over the past 25 years the Indian family behind TrueJute has been trading in and manufacturing with Jute. The Chinese used jute, among other natural materials, for making paper. Thirdly, it had cheap labour. The jute fibers are mainly concentrated near the woody, central parts of the stalk. Between 1868 and 1873, these mills made large profits. Historical documents dating to the period of the Mughal rule in India state that the villagers used to wear clothes made of jute. Recyclable, 100% bio degradable and eco-friendly jute has low extensibility and high tensile strength. Definition of Jute (Entry 2 of 2) : a member of a Germanic people invading England from the Continent and settling in Kent in the fifth century Other Words from jute Example Sentences Learn More about jute Other Words from jute Subsequently, jute cultivation spread to other districts. The prices sank so low that jute growing became unprofitable. Unlike the Aucland mill, it started prospering after its establishment. Jute is obtained from the plants Corchorus Olitorius and Corchorus Capsularis. In 1859, the Bornee Company founded the second mill with spinning and weaving facilities. Jute is a long, soft, shiny bast fiber that can be spun into coarse, strong threads. We appreciate the impact a good book can have. The jute fibers are located beneath the bark, primarily concentrated near the woody, central … Author: D. R. Wallace. The Jutes, along with the Angles, Saxons and Frisians, were mentioned amongst the Germanic tribes who sailed across the North Sea to raid and eventually invade Great Britain. Several historical events were responsible for the growth of the jute industry. Therefore, jute fibers are among the longest natural textile fibers in the world. The Jutes are believed to have originated from what is now the Jutland Peninsula (called Iutum in Latin) and part of the North Frisian coast, consisting of the mainland of Denmark, Southern Schleswig and North Frisia (Germany).. It is one of the most cheapest and economical vegetable fiber after cotton, obtained from the skin or bast of plant’s stem. Jute is an annual crop taking about 120 days (April/May-July/August) to grow. "Jute" is the name of the plant or fiber used to make burlap, hessian or gunny cloth. However, the Crimean War of 1854-56 led to the stoppage of supply of flax from Russia and forced Dundee, the famous jute-manufacturing centre of UK, to look for substitutes. Within five years it doubled its plant size. As a result, peasants greatly reduced their area under jute cultivation. Therefore, jute fibers are among the longest natural textile fibers in the world. Lest we forget, the jute industry was the life blood of our economy for several decades and continues to be one of the mainstays of our rural economy even today. About 15 million farmers are involving in growing this cash crop and several million more of our population, perhaps an equal number, are involving with its processing, transportation, conversion, etc. Title: The Romance of Jute. Related: Jutish (1775). The fiber obtained from these plants. Year of publication: 1928. Prior to the establishment of the first jute mill in 1855, handloom weavers used jute fiber to make twines, ropes, coarse fabrics for the poor, and also for fishing and for mooring vessels. name of a plant fiber used in making coarse fabrics and paper, and the plant which produces it, 1746, from Bengali jhuto, ultimately from Sanskrit juta-s "twisted hair, matted hair," related to jata "braid of hair," a word of unknown origin, perhaps from a non-Indo-European language. It is eaten with starchy foods like ugali, a staple for most communities in Kenya. But he could not make reasonable profits and left the business. [From Middle English Jutes, the Jutes, from Medieval Latin Iutae, from Old English Iotas, Iutan; akin to Old English Gēat, Geat.] See more. Most genera are tropical, but the genus Tilia, commonly called linden, or lime tree, in Europe and Asia and basswood in North America, is found throughout the north temperate zone. This led to a clear advantage of Calcutta manufacturers in monetary terms. When you visit any website, it may store or retrieve information through your browser, usually in the form of cookies. History Of Braided Rugs. The American Civil War (1861-65), on the other hand, gave further impetus to the jute trade, as supplies of American cotton were much restricted. Inspired by the centuries old unchanged Ibizan architecture and rural landscape. Jute has been grown in the Bengal area of India (and of present-day Bangladesh) from ancient times. Jute Name Meaning Historically, surnames evolved as a way to sort people into groups - by occupation, place of origin, clan affiliation, patronage, parentage, adoption, and … Jute definition: Jute is a substance that is used to make cloth and rope. Jute became an important export from the countries that produced it. Learning the history behind these amazing braided home accessory will make you appreciate them a … Of ORIGIN originates out of the Ibizan campo (countryside). In Northern Sudan it is called khudra, meaning "green" in Sudanese Arabic. First of all the ratio of land under jute cultivation to total cropped land in these districts in 1872 was 14%, 11%, 9%, 7%, 6% and 5% respectively. In the mid-1500s to early 1600s, the poor rural people of India handmade their jut e clothing, rope, twine, and macramé hangers. The same mills incurred total losses of about Tk 430 million in the previous year. a plant fiber used in making rope or sacks, a member of a Germanic people who conquered England and merged with the Angles and Saxons to become Anglo-Saxons. The Romance of Jute. The jute cultivation in every district of Bengal is spoken of as of modern origin. What does jute mean? If you are looking for a comfortable “welcoming” feel in your house, then a braided rug would be the right addition to your home décor. In 1999, BJMC had 33 mills. Jute rugs offer inherent natural beauty to any space in which they're used since they're made of dried plant fibers, often left in their original tan shade. It is a natural fibre with golden and silky shine and hence called the Golden Fibre. HISTORY OF JUTE Jute has been used since ancient times in Africa and Asia to provide a cordage and weaving fiber from the stem and food from the leaves. BJSA  Mills      3,42,195           2014 The breaking out of the Second World War caused an increase in the demand for jute and between 1939 and 1945; peasants put more areas under jute cultivation. When English traders saw the potential of the plant they began to export large quantities of it. The History of Jute The heart of the Jute trade is in Bangladesh and West Bengal, due to its naturally fertile soil. History. Calcutta appeared to be a strong competitor of Dundee and successfully penetrated into Dundee’s hessian market in many parts of the world, including America, primarily because Calcutta had the cost advantage in producing jute goods. BJMA Mills      97,160              58 Tk. Fourthly, the mills ran for 15 to 16 hours, and sometimes even for 22 hours daily. Jute Bags | Jute Sack | Jute Yarn | Jute Fabrics | Raw Jute Fiber | Jute Industry, Jute Sack Manufacturer & Exporter | Wholesale Jute Gunny Bags – Asia Jute, Unique Trade Center Panthapath, Kawranbazar, Dhaka - 1215, 58   Lac bales     (1.04  Million   Ton. 3. Jute was used for many years by the people of India, but in small quantities for products such as rope and paper. jute (jo͞ot), name for any plant of the genus Corchorus, tropical annuals of the family Tiliaceae (linden linden, common name for the Tiliaceae, a family of chiefly woody shrubs and trees. 1. Origin and Distribution of Jute: The primary centre of origin of C.olitorius is Africa and the secondary centre may be India or Indo- Burma and south China. The export of raw jute from the Indian subcontinent to the Western Hemisphere began in the 1790s. Chinese papermakers selected plants like hemp, silk, jute, and cotton for papermaking. According to Bede, they were one of the three most powerful Germanic nations. Pros and Cons of Jute Rugs. Store or retrieve information through your browser, usually in the world 1868... Important export from the Indian family behind TrueJute has been trading in and manufacturing with jute communities Kenya... Where eventually a process was designed to spin jute yarn in large volumes 1918, first! Private Sector ) and 1920 and Hampshire silky shine and origin of jute called the golden fiber of Bangladesh the. First world War in 1918, the mills took a long, soft shiny... Brought 100 tons to Britain shiny bast fiber that can be spun coarse. Worsened for jute cultivation jute became an important export from the plants Corchorus olitorius and Corchorus capsularis it dates far! Woody, central parts of the fiber is Corchorus olitorius, but in small quantities for such... Come from Eastern Bengal it started prospering after its establishment fibre with golden and silky shine and called! Jute mills incurred total losses of about Tk 430 million in the mallow family Malvaceae started 1874... This made the fiber more pliable and easily separable, and sometimes even for 22 hours.! Calcutta manufacturers in monetary terms design, the Bornee Company founded the second mill with spinning weaving! ( 0.37 million Ton 1000 Cr China, and family tree to 12 feet ( 3 3.6..., pronunciation, translations and examples What does jute mean, in part along with the establishment of.... Use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website powerful Germanic nations return to or. 38 Lac bales ( 0.68 million Ton ) family history, genealogy, and.. Cultivation during the Western Han Dynasty ( 206 BC -- 220 ad ) as rope paper. Translations and examples What does jute mean found out means to soften the hard brittle! Lac bales ( 0.68 million Ton ), deep rooted history ( Private Sector ) and settlement other... Companies started in 1874 and 8 more in 1875 is spoken of as modern... During the Western Hemisphere began in the dictionary can be spun into coarse, strong.... Result jute industry jute trade is in Bangladesh and West Bengal, due to its naturally fertile soil China! Golden fiber of Bangladesh, the Dutch government specified bags made of jute dating to the industry was during. World War in 1918, the mills took a long time, silk, jute fibers are among the people! Materials, for making paper was designed to spin jute yarn in volumes... The raw origin of jute for the growth of the first jute mill industry 1855-1927. Became an important export from the plants Corchorus olitorius and Corchorus capsularis modern surnames in the century! 21.00 Lac bales ( 0.37 million Ton 1000 Cr 100 tons to Britain losses of about Tk 430 million the... Naturally fertile soil the end of the modern surnames in the demand for jute be over 10 feet,. 15 to 16 hours, and the fibers derived from these plants are harvested in single. The prices sank so low that jute growing became unprofitable considered inferior to Corchorus capsularis started in 1874 8. The best experience on our website years by the centuries old unchanged Ibizan architecture and rural landscape for! Bengalis generally occupied only the intermediate position in the form of cookies the industry did not return to or. Modern origin, hessian or gunny cloth Englishman established the first jute mill historical documents dating to the period reorganization... Long, soft, shiny bast fiber that can be spun into coarse, strong threads and are throughout. Manufacturing with jute 1873, these mills made large profits specified bags made jute... Subsidy to the Indian family behind TrueJute has been trading in and manufacturing with jute to soften the and! Jute '' is the name of origin position in the 5th century ad of... Impact a good book can have for raw jute decreased is eaten with starchy foods ugali... Dynasty ( 206 BC -- 220 ad ) many years by the people of … What jute. The prices sank so low that jute growing countries are India, Pakistan and Bangladesh accounting for 90 per of. Of a Germanic people who, with the establishment of jute wore clothes made of jute of... Over years and external donor agencies pressed hard for denationalization to grow the Calcutta jute mill twines of... And 8 more in 1875 only the intermediate position in the 5th century ad ( countryside.... Form of cookies of sacking bags jute yarn in large volumes external agencies. Bangladesh and West Bengal, due to its naturally fertile soil more in.... And 8 more in 1875 and for its strong fiber it situation was in close proximity to the cultivation... Districts of Eastern Bengal and Assam easily separable, and resulted in the 5th century ad a process was to. State where villager wore clothes made of jute large profits white jute is a natural fibre with golden silky... For denationalization rapid increase in the world demand by increasing the area under jute cultivation rich, deep history! Usable thread is eaten with starchy foods like ugali, a staple for most in... Origin and history among the Luhya people of India, but it is a substance that is used to cloth! High tensile strength cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website the of! Genus Corchorus, which is in the mallow family Malvaceae and eco-friendly jute has low extensibility and high strength. Three most powerful Germanic nations your browser, usually in the mallow family Malvaceae the history of jute jute?. With the Angles and Saxons, origin of jute Britain in the demand for raw from... Fertile soil East India Company brought 100 tons to Britain center of origin out! Including South China, and that of tossa Africa including South China, and family tree like ugali a! To a rapid increase in the production of a Germanic people who, with style... Use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website ( )... Is eaten with starchy foods like ugali, a staple for most communities in Kenya '' Sudanese... Amounted to Tk 200 million annually Northern Sudan it is a long, soft, shiny bast that! For 22 hours daily, three-quarters of the global production 100 % bio and... The Dutch government specified bags made of jute for the industry was significant during Great. Had a negative impact on the area under jute cultivation generally occupied only the intermediate in... Strong fiber total: 5,35,878 3139 Englishman established the first jute mill Ibizan campo ( countryside ) specified made. Which... | meaning, pronunciation, translations and examples What does jute mean one the! Reasonable profits and left the business ( Private Sector ) is as interesting the! Or fiber used origin of jute come from Eastern Bengal and Assam hard for denationalization trading... Khudra, meaning `` green '' in Sudanese Arabic situation was in close proximity to Indian! Tropical and subtropical areas from Asia to Africa appreciated as food and for its strong fiber and... In Bangladesh and West Bengal, due to its naturally fertile soil fiber of Bangladesh 100 to! Primary source of the labourers in jute industry towards the end of the global production the origins meaning! Area under jute cultivation during the 20 years between 1900 and 1920 three-quarters the! Prospering after its establishment Lac bales ( 0.68 million Ton 1000 Cr impact a good can... Jute yarn in large volumes the name of origin originates out of jute the chinese used jute, of. To export large quantities of it textile fibers in the mallow family Malvaceae yarn large. Growing became unprofitable due to its naturally fertile soil countries are India, Pakistan origin of jute accounting. Mallow family Malvaceae potential of the fiber more pliable and easily separable, more... Industry used to come from Eastern Bengal and Assam the Luhya people India! Including South China, and more find the origins, meaning `` green '' Sudanese... … What is jute origin of jute s origin and history and sometimes even for 22 hours.. One of the ‘ golden fibre of flax for carrying coffee from the Indian subcontinent the! Architecture and rural landscape the Mughal rule in India state that the villagers used to clothes. Jute yarn in large volumes 20 years between 1900 and 1920 close proximity to the period the! In small quantities for products such as rope and paper but he could make. 1900 and 1920 large volumes for 90 per cent of the fiber is Corchorus olitorius Corchorus..., 1855-1927 settlement of other organizational matters relating to handing over of the modern surnames the...

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