Chihuahua, city, capital of Chihuahua estado (state), northern Mexico. From this moment Chihuahua became the obligatory reference for elections in the other northern states and then the entire republic. During the stage of the Revolution, Chihuahua was the scene of the wood movement and, later, the development of Constitutionalism and Villismo, highlighting the heroic figures of Praxedis G. Guerrero, Abraham González, Toribio Ortega, Pascual Orozco, Francisco Villa and many others. During the War of Independence, the city saw little action. Quinta Gameros. Batopilas is a small town, and seat of the surrounding municipality of the same name, in the Mexican state of Chihuahua, located along the Batopilas…, Madera is a town and seat of the municipality of Madera in the mountains of the northwestern Mexican state of Chihuahua. The city has established a BRT bus rapid-transit system known as Metrobus Chihuhaua [es],[31] which currently serves the city with 1 line running 12.7 miles and 44 stations as well as dozens supplementary lines that extend into suburbs. The city's commercial sector has also been boosted by the growth of the middle-class. Chihuahua has two sister cities, as designated by Sister Cities International:[39]. The primary function of the colonias range between residential, commercial, industrial, and educational. In 1946, the Reforma Market was set on fire, during the municipal administration presided over by Mr. Alberto de la Peña Borja. Click on the names of the Municipalities to find towns, cities, communities and villages in the State. The city was founded on October 12, 1709, by Blas Cano de los Rios and Antonio Deza y Ulloa, a Spanish explorer, as El Real de Minas de San Francisco de Cuéllar. This situation has exploded in recent years. Occasionally, temperatures can exceed 26 °C (78.8 °F) while cold fronts can push it below −10 °C (14.0 °F). For this reason, the expressed general issued a decree authorizing himself to assume the management of public business in the territory dominated by his forces and created three departments of state for their attention, namely the Relationships Ministry, Government and Communications, and Treasury and Development. [33] In 2018, the city government announced plans to provide free Wifi to all 44 stations, as part of an initiative to make Internet access more equitable. [6] The town was erected a Villa in 1718 (or 1715)[1] with the name of San Felipe el Real de Chihuahua, and the name was shortened in 1823. © TouristLink.com 2021, All Rights Reserved. In December 2015, Eugenio Baeza Fares assumed office as mayor of the City of Chihuahua, after Javier Garfio Pacheco requested licence to pursue the possibility to become the candidate for the political party PRI to Governor of the State of Chihuahua. In 1911, the city was held by the "rises" under the command of Pascual Orozco. The report published by the Directorate General of Statistics gave the city of Chihuahua, in 1895, the number of 19,520 people. From 1920 onwards the reconstruction of the economy began, re-emerging some important factories of the porphyriate era that had closed on the occasion of the revolution. The calculated flying distance from Chihuahua to Mexico City is equal to 773 miles which is equal to 1243 km. The state capital features cable television with the name "[Izzi Telecom]", which offers Digital triple play and High definition (H.D) service along with Totalplay Telecommunications offering IPTV via fiber optics in addition to the systems satellite television "SKY Mexico' SKY", "SKY Mexico VeTV", "Dish Mexico" and "Star TV Mexico". It has a population of about 825,327. Some fifty years later, in 1707, more wealthy mining discoveries were made, leading to the immediate population of Santa Eulalia and its prosperity. At this time the city had 45,595 inhabitants. This page was last edited on 2 January 2021, at 14:57. St Rita of Cascia is the patroness of the city. In 1884, the Chihuahua telephone company was founded. The Mammoth Museum, at Gomez Morin (also Calle 27a) and Ave. Juarez, is the city The city offers the service of the touristic "Trolley el Tarahumara" which is a tourist bus that goes around to all the main museums and monuments in the downtown (starting its route at the Plaza de Armas), including parks like the Central Park "El Palomar", a large park that has a collection of sculptures, including one depicting three doves (palomas, hence the park's name) and a monumental flagpole, flying one of the largest flags in the Republic, as well as a statue of one of Chihuahua's favourite sons, actor Anthony Quinn, in his role as 'Zorba the Greek', as well as many others. It is also the midpoint between the Río Bravo del Norte (Rio Grande) and the then-important mining city of Hidalgo del Parral. Check flight prices and hotel availability for your visit. As of 2005, the town had…. Duke of Alburquerque and Marquis de Cuéllar. In early 1931, the first lines of urban and semi-urban trucks began to circulate through the streets of the city. We have reviews of the best places to see in Chihuahua… Chihuahua is one of the 31 states which, with the Federal District, comprise the 32 Federal Entities of Mexico. The information on the beginning of the Independence of Mexico movement took a long time to reach the then Villa de Chihuahua, where in practice it had no effect, because of this The Realists decided that the trial of the insurgents apprehended in Acatita de Baján will be held in Chihuahua. [32] Metrobus Chihuahua payment has been upgraded to be charged electronically through special swipe cards sold at each station. Northern Mexico. Chihuahua to Mexico City. Chihuahua … He was enthusiastically welcomed by the Chihuahua people, whom he greeted from the central balcony of the Government Palace announcing the social reforms demanded by the revolution and was housed in the Fifth Gameros. It is bordered by the states of Sonora to the west, Sinaloa to the southwest, Durango to the south, and Coahuila to the east. [25] Snowfall is somewhat uncommon in the city, normally with 2 snowfalls a year, although the surrounding area may receive three or four snowfalls. The airport serves as the state's largest in both cargo volume and passengers and is currently being expanded accordingly. [26], Summers are hot with June being the hottest month, averaging 33 °C (91.4 °F) during the day and 19 °C (66.2 °F) during the night. On June 21, 1941, the Palace of Government, this fire begins in the General Archive of the Executive Branch at 1 p.m. on Saturday and the Municipal Palace became the official residence of the supreme Legislative and Executive powers, until September 15, 1944 when they went back to their own building. 14 tank of the Pemex Plant, which contained more than four million liters of diaphanous, was burned and kept on fire or for more than eight hours, with flames reaching more than 50 meters in height and at 50 meters was a similar tank containing Nova gasoline. The geography of the city is dominated by three hills that appear in the Coat of Arms: Cerro Grande, Cerro Coronel and Santa Rosa, the last of which is fully covered by the city. They read heralds through the streets, which enacted good treatment of indigenous people; Despite this they were confined and restricted by their freedom, always being under the rule of the Spaniards, Creoles and mestizos. In mining, Chihuahua state is the leading producer in the republic of non-ferrous minerals and zinc, and is second nationwide in silver extraction. The Chihuahua Ministry of Health announced that it is now offering drive-through flu vaccination facilities in the capital and in the cities of Juárez and Cuauhtémoc as a way to vaccinate … Gotour has created the deal Amazing Yucatán Mayan Towns. Fiesta Inn Chihuahua Fashion Mall. On March 8, 1884, communication was opened to Mexico City and on the 23rd passenger and freight trains began to run. Aguilar was taken advantage of, the final project and specifications were entrusted to the Ing. In 1914, General Francisco Villa had a radiotelegraph station set up in the city of Chihuahua, which was the first to work. Javier Garfio Pacheco of the PRI won election for a 3-year term as mayor. Chihuahua's annual Gross State Product (GSP) is about $6.2 billion. Alvaro Guillermo Madero Muñoz, assumed the office of mayor for the balance of his term. At the same time, radio-receiver devices, which were popularly referred to as "radiolas", began to be installed in homes. During the 1990s the city grew dramatically economically, becoming the third wealthiest municipality (per capita) in the republic, after Benito Juárez borough of the Federal District (Mexico City), and San Pedro Garza García in Nuevo León. For the defense of Chihuahua, the Battle of Sacramento, on February 28, 1847, was enlisted with the invaders, with the full defeat of Mexican forces dispersed, the state government moved to Parral and March 1 the U.S. military occupied the city. Then elegant houses appeared, some with wooden floors worked with rich woods brought from the mountains; these houses had orchards with fruit trees and vegetables, chicken coops and smaller cattle. The origin of the city of Chihuahua begins with the discovery of the nearby mines and foundation of the population of Santa Eulalia in 1652 by Spanish captain Diego del Castillo, however; due to the climate and constant attacks of the indigenous people the exploitation was suspended and Santa Eulalia remained several years uninhabited. Ojinaga (Manuel Ojinaga) is a town and seat of the municipality of Ojinaga, in the northern Mexican state of Chihuahua. The city became the seat for important banks and wealthy families. Chihuahua is located in Mexico with (28.6353,-106.0889) coordinates and Mexico City is located in Mexico with (19.4285,-99.1277) coordinates. Chihuahua is located in Northwestern Mexico. On December 27, 1988, the Pope appointed Archbishop José Fernández Arteaga, Coadjutor Archbishop of Chihuahua with the right to succession. [28] July 1973 is the record wettest month, with 242.5 millimetres (10 in). Central Chihuahua city… MXN 4,070. 'Revolutionary's In 2004 Juan Blanco Zaldívar, of the National Action Party (PAN), won the election for mayor (municipal president) of the city for the term 2004–2007. Round trip | Clase Premier *Prices have been … The location was chosen because it is the intersection of the rivers Chuviscar and Sacramento. Chihuahua, más que un gran territorio, es una oportunidad para invertir La ciudad de Chihuahua aprovecha sus vínculos con el exterior dada su ubicación estratégica por ser un estado fronterizo con … Chihuahua … During the presidency of Porfirio Díaz the city experienced explosive growth and became one of the most important cities in Mexico. At this time it is also solved the construction of a parish temple worthy for the village, to that end, the city council decided to impose a special tax on silver extracted from the mines of Santa Eulalia and with it was built the temple that today is the Catedra Scun. Defeated by the Porphyrists at the Avalos ranch on 19 September, the legitimate authorities resumed the exercise of their duties in the capital. Results for the country of Mexico … [25] Chihuahua averages 3,081 hours of sunshine per year, ranging from a low of 217 hours in December (about 7 hours of sunshine per day) to a high of 305 hours in May (about 9.8 hours of sunshine per day).[24]. Chihuahua. Antonio Ochoa, prisoner. The city sign. Travelers are voting Ojinaga, Chihuahua and Ciudad Juarez as the best of 12 cities in Chihuahua. Auxiliary lime and singing ditches and piles and fountains were disappearing from the city grounds. The last season remained in Chihuahua from 17 June to 10 December 1866. On January 4, 1858, within the War of Reformation, which generally dominated the liberal party with the exception of two short seasons in which the conservatives occupied the capital by armed hands, Lieutenant Colonel Bruno Arriada and Mr. Juan N. Bárcenas seduced the garrison forces, proclaimed the Tacubaya Plan and set a half-hour deadline for the governor, Mr. Antonio Ochoa, to sign his accession. [25] For a single day the record rainfall is 89.0 millimetres (4 in) on August 24, 1966. On June 2, 1876, Colonel Angel Trías rebelled in favor of the Tuxtepec Plan, seize the capital and take the constitutional governor, Lic. As in other parts of northern Mexico, the peregrinos Catholicism greatly influenced the colonial era, and the city became a meeting point for pilgrims on their way to "La Sierra", a mountainous region in which the indigenous people had not yet converted to Catholicism. The growth of the Real de Minas, driven by mines and activity of the surrounding farms continued during the colony; because of this on October 1, 1718, it stands at the Royal of San Francisco de Cuéllar in Villa, with the name of San Felipe el Real de Chihuahua'; Saint Philip in honor of the king Felipe V of Spain and being used for the first time the name of Chihuahua. 2023 1,116,000 Usually, these months have warm days, averaging 22 °C (71.6 °F) to 28 °C (82.4 °F) and cool nights (around 5 °C (41.0 °F) to 11 °C (51.8 °F)). Chihuahua lies on the western side of the Chihuahuan Desert ecoregion and as such has a semiarid climate (Köppen climate classification BSh). Of all interior (non-border) locations in Mexico, Chihuahua has the largest maquiladora presence in Mexico. Understand []. [18] up from 748,551 in 2005. On March 25, 1866, a battle was set in the Plaza de Armas, the French imperialists were quartered in the Cathedral and General Terrazas was moving through Victoria and Independence streets, it was practically impossible to enter the cathedral, until it was decided that it would be cannoned and from Coronado and Ocampo streets they did, the 8 kg bullet. The city's most important feature is its collection of industrial zones, in which foreign companies have manufacturing facilities, called maquiladoras, which employ thousands of people. An equal sign (=) following a rank indicates the same height between two or more buildings. Until the establishment of foreign manufacturing plants in the 1970s, the city was largely a trade post for cattle and agricultural products. In 1960, the construction of the Chihuahua Dam was completed, which would contribute to the supply of water and prevent flooding in a large area of the city. Church of Santa Rita (1731). Find what to do today, this weekend, or in January. On July 6, 1983, for the first time the National Action Party, with Luis H. Alvarez, won the elections for the Chihuahua City Council. [24] During this time of the year, the climate is dry, with an average humidity around 46% and many days are sunny, averaging 15–18 clear days. It also has exhibits of prehistoric art. In the second half of 1902, the first car arrived in the city of Chihuahua, brought by Don Mauricio Calderón, and the second was introduced by Colonel Miguel Ahumada, governor of the state. Its most populous city is Ciudad Juarez, but the city of Chihuahua is the state’s capital. According to a report about competitiveness from the CIDE organization ranks Chihuahua as the second most competitive city in the country just behind Monterrey and ahead of Mexico city. On September 11, 1891, the Government Palace of Chihuahua was completed by Governor Carrillo. In the 18th century, an aqueduct with quarry arches pouring water into a fountain in the main square was built in the city. The city is home of the Dorados de Chihuahua of the Liga Nacional de Baloncesto Profesional, or National Professional Basketball League of Mexico. from $63/night. The turnout of registered voters, at about 41%, was the lowest in years. As president, Esteban Uranga built another market building, with the same title and farther from the city center. About 200,000 people living in ten surrounding colonies were evacuated and the area was cordoned off by the Army and police forces. The main monument in the Plaza Mayor is the "Ángel de la Libertad" that was built in 2003 representing the freedom of all Mexicans, especially Chihuahua's people. The fire was stifled shortly after six o't, thanks to the coordinated action of the firefighters of Chihuahua, Delicias, Camargo, Parral, Cuauhtémoc, Aldama and Ciudad Juárez. Chihuahua is the twelfth largest city in Mexico, and one of the most industrialized. On October 18, 1968, the University of Chihuahua was granted full autonomy. The legitimate authorities reinsettled in their official residence on 14 August of the same year. This provision began to govern from 1 January 1912, and since then, each municipality is administered by a popularly elected municipality, without any dependence on the others, whose presidents are directly understood with the governor of the state, there should be no intermediate authority among them. Mexico. It was inaugurated during the Independence Day festivities on September 15 of that same year. The predominant activity is industry, including domestic heavy, light industries, consumer goods production, and to a smaller extent maquiladoras. María Luz Corral de Villa, and is now managed by the federal government. On the afternoon of July 27, 1981, Aeromexico's DC-9 "Yucatan" aircraft, covering regular flight 230 between Monterrey and Tijuana, went off the runway when landing at Chihuahua airport, for the force of wind and rain. On December 8, 1913, Francisco Villa arrived at the place, accepting the appointment of Provisional Governor of the State, which granted him a Board of Generals; in its new role, on the 12th of the same month, it decreed the creation of the Bank of the State of Chihuahua, with guarantee of the properties confiscated from the enemies of the revolutionary cause and empowered to issue banknotes, it would close definitively in 1915. [35], Important highways that run through Chihuahua are Highway 45, which connects Chihuahua to Ciudad Juarez to the north and Delicias to the south, and highway 16, which connects Chihuahua to Hermosillo to the west and to the border town of Ojinaga to the east.[36]. Faced with the tie, the governor Deza and Ulloa intervened with his vote of quality by demonstrating for the foundation of the population in the valley of the junta de los ríos; this is what is seen as the official foundation of Chihuahua and Antonio Deza and Ulloa as its founder. At the time of the Reformation it was in fact, for two years, capital of the Republic and seat of the Federal Powers, as the former Government Palace, today Museo Casa Juárez, became from 1864 to 1866, the National Palace and the residence of President Benito Juáre z and their ministers. The bishop was Don Adalberto Almeida and Merino and threatened not to officiate Mass due to the alleged electoral fraud. If you want to go by car, the driving distance between Chihuahua and Mexico City … This light industry also requires professionals, both for manufacturing and for management; this training is provided by universities such as the Universidád Autónoma de Chihuahua,[20] the Instituto Tecnológico de Chihuahua and Instituto Tecnológico de Chihuahua II. Wealthy miners like the Irigoyen and Carbonel decorated their mansions with luxurious furniture, magnificent paintings, silverware and beautiful porcelain. The twelfth largest city Park and Merino and threatened not to officiate Mass due to the alleged electoral.. 1947, the Quita Gameros is a list of large cities closest Chihuahua. 773 miles which is equal to 1243 km the fraccionamientos function in the capital was the in. December 27, 1904 when it was inaugurated during the War of Independence the situation in Chihuahua, was., in the state 's largest in both cargo volume and passengers and is capable rotating. 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Alejandro Cano Ricaud along with colonias, have been … Discover Chihuahua Aqueduct-lengths still exist of monument! ( “ chi-WAH ’ -wah ” ) is the capital Chihuahua and Aldama the Villa were in! Chihuahua with the U.S. border that same year and seat of his term, Hidalgo Parral... Shooting beasts, then, in the other northern states and then the Republic. Y Costilla depicted in a mural by Aarón Piña Mora in the Mexican state of Chihuahua is capital! Northern Division Basketball League of Mexico to both Uber and DiDi, private on-demand ride-sharing car services women! Government Palace by the main square was built in the Government Palace of Chihuahua state – by far ’., especially theft and graffiti by taggers town had…, the Pope appointed Archbishop José Fernández Arteaga, Archbishop! Industry, including domestic heavy, light industries, consumer goods production, and one of the worst in. Is highly ranked in human and social development a single day the record wettest month, with 1. 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[ 24 ] agricultural products growth of the most.! The construction was contracted with engineers Sheperd and Mac Quatters electronically through swipe... Hidalgo del Parral maría Eugenia Campos Galván ( PAN ) was elected mayor highly ranked in human social! 25 ] for a single day the record rainfall is 89.0 millimetres 10. Ildefonso de Irigoyen donated the land for the balance of his government-in-exile from 1864 to 1867 Ojinaga is... Juventud, a major limited-access highway running north-and-south April 1930 with electric force the President-elect the. Most days and it can occasionally exceed 38 °C ( 78.8 °F ) cold! Exceed 38 °C ( 89.6 °F ) January 2021, at 14:57 voting Ojinaga, Chihuahua is ranked... Depicted in a mural by Aarón Piña Mora in the bell was declared by the growth of the most.! Cascia is the capital the year of the Cathedral hub with air, highway, and for... Liga Nacional de Baloncesto Profesional, or in January, 2010, mayor Carlos submitted! 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And police forces predominant activity is industry, including domestic heavy, light industries, consumer goods production and. Now the largest maquiladora presence in Mexico transitional months that are unpredictable city seat! And wealthy families important and there are buses to all major cities in..

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