Jeffrey Haas is our guest. Edward V. Hanrahan, who was indicted but cleared with 13 other law-enforcement agents on charges of obstructing justice. Documents Senate investigators secured in the early 1970s revealed that the FBI actively encouraged violence between the Panthers and other radical groups; this provoked multiple murders in cities throughout the country. [39] Then, the raiding team fired at the head of the south bedroom. And also, what happened to Hanrahan as you sought to pursue the truth of the murder of Fred Hampton? It turned out that Fred Hampton and Mark Clark were killed in the police raid, four other Panthers were shot, were at the hospital, and the three who were only beaten up were at the Wood Street police station. What the coalition groups would do was based on common action. [43], At a press conference the next day, the police announced the arrest team had been attacked by the "violent" and "extremely vicious" Panthers and had defended themselves accordingly. O'Neal had slipped the barbiturate sleep agent secobarbitol into a drink that Hampton consumed during the dinner, in order to sedate Hampton so he would not awaken during the subsequent raid. And … So, that morning, which was exactly 40 years ago this morning, just about this time, I went to see the survivors. Black Panther leader Mark Clark was also killed in the raid. Fredrick Allen Hampton (August 30, 1948 – December 4, 1969) was an American activist and revolutionary socialist. [44] In a second press conference on December 8, the police leadership praised the assault team for their "remarkable restraint", "bravery", and "professional discipline" in not killing all the Panthers present. We speak with attorney Jeffrey Haas, author of The Assassination of Fred Hampton: How the FBI and the Chicago Police Murdered a Black Panther. Last week he ran onto the Eisenhower Expressway and killed himself)", "For More Selected for Jury to Probe Panther Raid Deaths", "Panther Inquest Jury Selections Questioned", "Illinois jury rules Black Panther deaths 'justifiable homicide, "Fatal Black Panther raid in Chicago set off sizable aftershocks", "US Jury Assails Police in Chicago on Pather Raid", "Plaintiffs in Panther Suite 'Knew We Were Right, "Panther Slayings Split the City Into 'Name Calling' Factions", "The Black Panther Raid and the death of Fred Hampton", "Village of Maywood Parks and Recreation", "Group Wants Street Named After Black Panther Fred Hampton-Protesters filled City Hall Today – Susan Murphy-Milano", "Maywood street statue honor slain Panther leader Hampton", "Ex-Weather Underground Member Kathy Boudin Granted Parole", Weather Underground Declaration of a State of War, "The Death of a Black Panther – The Fred Hampton Story, 1969–70", "Author Says The Chicago 7 Trial Reflected 'All The Conflicts In America, "Who's Who in The Trial of the Chicago 7: A Character Guide", The Marxists Internet Archive: Fred Hampton Archive, "Power Anywhere Where There's People" A Speech By Fred Hampton, Death of a Black Panther: The Fred Hampton Story, Grand Valley State University Oral History Collection, Revolutionary People's Constitutional Convention, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Fred_Hampton&oldid=999392528, Assassinated American civil rights activists, Black people shot dead by law enforcement officers in the United States, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles with unsourced statements from December 2020, Articles with unsourced statements from February 2014, Articles with unsourced statements from May 2020, Wikipedia articles with SNAC-ID identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SUDOC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. A member of the Black Panthers was allowing visitors to tour the apartment. Revolutionary violence is the only way. [13][14] In May 1969, Hampton called a press conference to announce that this "rainbow coalition" had formed. And I think that was the beginning of the end of Edward Hanrahan. What was the effect 40 years ago today? He talked about serving the community, talked about breakfast programs, educating the people, community control of police. Hampton met the Young Lords in Chicago's Lincoln Park neighborhood the day after they were in the news for occupying a police community workshop at the Chicago 18th District Police Station. We’re not a racist organization, because we understand that racism is an excuse used for capitalism, and we know that racism is just—it’s a byproduct of capitalism. [13][14], Hampton's effective leadership and talent for communication marked him as a major threat to the FBI. [76] Following this, the group became increasingly ultra-radicalized. Rep. Ro Khanna: Republicans Should Back Impeachment After Trump Incited Mob Violence Against Them, “A Troubling History”: Biden’s AG Pick Merrick Garland Has Record of Not Holding Cops Accountable, Survival of the Fittest? So, very much like this table, although a smaller one, I was sitting there, and I looked at this woman, and she was still crying, and I said, “What happened?” And she said, “Well, the pigs came in shooting. A profile of Hampton on the website of the National Archives notes:. Black Panther Mark Clark was also murdered. But he made people believe in themselves. Fred Hampton would have been 21 years old at the time of death or 66 years old today. After Hampton graduated from high school, he enrolled in a pre-law program at Triton Junior College in River Grove, Illinois. As a youth, Hampton was gifted both in the classroom and athletically, and he hoped to play center field for the New York Yankees. He and his group had developed close ties to Fred Hampton and the Chicago Black Panther Party during the late 1960s. For his son, see, We got to face some facts. And you’re going to have to keep on saying that. It is due to be released in 2021. They stopped shooting. In his eulogy, Jackson noted that "when Fred was shot in Chicago, black people in particular, and decent people in general, bled everywhere. So we wanted to be lawyers for the people. JEFFREY HAAS: Forty years ago this morning, I got a knock on my door at 7:30 in the morning. I got on top of Fred at one point to try to protect him. O'Neal reported to his superiors that much of the Panthers' "provocative" stockpile of arms was stored there and drew them a map of the apartment. After Hampton was killed, Black Panther leader Bobby Rush spoke at his funeral about his life and legacy. [48], In 1990, the Chicago City Council unanimously passed a resolution, introduced by then-Alderman Madeline Haithcock, commemorating December 4, 2004, as "Fred Hampton Day in Chicago". One of the documents released after the break-in was a floor plan of Hampton's apartment. We rely on contributions from our viewers and listeners to do our work. At that time, the Chicago Tribune was considered the politically conservative newspaper, and the Chicago Sun-Times was considered the politically liberal newspaper. Eventually he was in line to be appointed to the Party's Central Committee's Chief of Staff. The work of Fred Hampton inspires modern activists to continue fighting towards racial equality. It turns out those dots were nail heads. On December 1969, after being drugged by informant William O’Neal, Hampton was shot and killed while he slept in his bed in a Chigaco police raid on his home. [65] The $1.85 million settlement was believed to be the largest ever in a civil rights case. This is a rush transcript. And all of a sudden you had an independent and much more progressive black political machine, or part of the machine, that was independent. AMY GOODMAN: Former Black Panther and now Chicago Congressman Bobby Rush. [65] Twenty-eight defendants were named, including Assistant DA Hanrahan as well as the City of Chicago, Cook County, and federal governments. Please do your part today. He’ll barely make it.” I assumed they were talking about Chairman Fred. They considered Hampton a threat to U.S. society. Ten days afterward, Bobby Rush, then the deputy minister of defense for the Illinois Black Panther party, called the raiding party an "execution squad". At 4:45 a.m., they stormed into the apartment. [65] After its conclusion in 1977, Judge Joseph Sam Perry of United States District Court for the Northern District of Illinois dismissed the suit against 21 of the defendants prior to jury deliberations. They pushed me and the other brother by the kitchen door and told us to face the wall. '” He wasn’t afraid of anything. Bethel Cemetery, Haynesville, Louisiana, U.S. O'Neal personally instigated an armed clash between them on April 2, 1969. He committed suicide on January 25, 1990. You understand what I’m saying? His murder, along with that of fellow Panther Mark Clark, sent waves of shock and outrage through their community. AMY GOODMAN: We have to leave it there. JEFFREY HAAS: Well, first, there was a burglary at the Media, Pennsylvania, FBI office, in which some draft dodgers uncovered that there was this program that talked about—basically, it was an attack on the entire black movement and particularly on the Panthers. In 1969, he had emerged as the charismatic young chairman of the Chicago Black Panther Party. In repeated directives, Hoover demanded that COINTELPRO personnel investigate the Rainbow Coalition, "destroy what the [BPP] stands for", and "eradicate its 'serve the people' programs".[22]. Activists and the broader Black community considered the deaths of these men unjust, and their families ultimately received a settlement stemming from a civil lawsuit. Black Panther leader Mark Clark was also killed in the raid. [13] In late 1968, the Racial Matters squad of the FBI's Chicago field office recruited William O'Neal to work with it; he had recently been arrested twice for interstate car theft and impersonating a federal officer. While authorities claimed the Panthers had opened fire on the police who were there to serve a search warrant for weapons, evidence later emerged that told a very different story: that the FBI, the Cook County State’s Attorney’s Office and the Chicago police conspired to assassinate Fred Hampton. We rely on contributions from our viewers and listeners to do our work. [63][64], In 1970, the survivors and relatives of Hampton and Clark filed a civil suit, stating that the civil rights of the Black Panther members were violated by the joint police/FBI raid and seeking $47.7 million in damages. As the nationwide Panther leadership began to be decimated by the effects of the FBI's COINTELPRO, Hampton's prominence in the national hierarchy increased rapidly and dramatically. Another document outlined a deal that the FBI brokered with US deputy attorney general Richard Kleindienst to conceal the FBI's role in the killing of Hampton and the existence of COINTELPRO. [31] Stephen King refers to Hampton in the novel 11/22/63 (2012), where a character discusses the ripple effect of traveling back in time to prevent President John F. Kennedy's assassination, which the character postulates would give rise to a series of events that could prevent Fred Hampton's assassination as well. These charges were subsequently dropped. We’ve got to face the fact that some people say you fight fire best with fire, but we say you put fire out best with water. It is directed and produced by Shaka King, from a screenplay by King and Will Berson, and a story by King, Berson, and Kenny and Keith Lucas. [46], The police described their raid on Hampton's apartment as a "shootout". [57] Civil rights leaders and spokesmen for the black community were reported to have been disappointed with the selection. Hampton’s wife who was 8 and a half months pregnant was also shot but she and the baby lived. Fred Hampton was born on August 30, 1948 in suburban Illinois. [15] If there was a protest or a demonstration, the groups would go out, come to the event, and support each other. But, of course, it turned out that way. After a break-in at an FBI office in Pennsylvania, the existence of COINTELPRO, an illegal counter-intelligence program, was revealed and reported. He was found to have been drugged the … Officers were dispatched to raid his apartment. JEFFREY HAAS: Well, I grew up in the South. We say we’re not going to fight capitalism with black capitalism, but we’re going to fight it with socialism. [65] The Supreme Court of the United States heard an appeal by defendants, but voted 5–3 in 1980 to return the case to the District Court for a new trial. Akua Njeri says she remembers it was “seriously cold” the night her then-boyfriend Fred Hampton, 21, was killed in his sleep in a raid organized by the Cook County State’s Attorney. "[72], A public pool was named in his honor in his home town of Maywood, Illinois. They stormed in and opened fire, killing Mark Clark, acting as his security guard. So I think another legacy is to try to hold our government officials accountable. We’ve got to struggle with them to make them understand what peace means. An excerpt from a documentary about the death of Fred Hampton, chairman of the Illinois Black Panther Party. He was arrested twice with Jimenez at the Wicker Park Welfare Office, and both were charged with "mob action" at a peaceful picket of the office. And he was present the night of the raid and left. And I think we started it with a sense of collectivity. Chicago's chapter of the Fraternal Order of Police opposed this effort. It was reported to have been the longest federal trial up to that time. AMY GOODMAN: I want ask—just play for a minute a response—get your response to Cook County State’s Attorney Edward Hanrahan. O'Neal was instructed to "create a rift" between the Party and Students for a Democratic Society, whose Chicago headquarters was blocked from the Panthers'. In 1967, Hampton was identified by the Federal Bureau of Investigation as a radical threat. [83], The Trial of the Chicago 7 (2020) features Kelvin Harrison Jr. as Hampton, in which he advises Bobby Seale as he was denied counsel, with the Chicago Seven. In November 1968 he joined the Party's nascent Illinois chapter, founded in late 1967 by Bob Brown, a Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee (SNCC) organizer. And without leaders like Fred Hampton, I think the gangs and the drugs became much more prevalent on the West Side. Today marks the 40th anniversary of the death of Black Panther leader Fred Hampton. During the trial, the Chicago Police Department claimed that the Panthers were the first to fire shots. Hampton was wounded in the shoulder by the shooting. [25] A total of nine police officers were shot; 19-year-old Panther Spurgeon Winter Jr. was killed by police, and another Panther, Lawrence S. Bell, was charged with murder. "[66] An Assistant United States Attorney, Robert Gruenberg, said that the settlement was intended to avoid another costly trial and it was not an admission of guilt or responsibility by any of the defendants.[66]. He ran for mayor. They both worked at the Argo Starch Company. Even a Republican was elected state’s attorney of Cook County, which was unheard of. [88], This article is about the 1960s activist. We’re still here to say we’re not going to fight reactionary pigs and reactionary state’s attorneys like this and reactionary state’s attorneys like Hanrahan with any other reactions on our part. The survivors were reported to have refused to testify during the inquest because they faced criminal charges of attempted murder and aggravated assault during the raid. Fred Hampton Jr. standing at the mural for his father, Fred Hampton, and other Chicago members of the Black Panther Party. That evening, the Chicago Sun-Times published a page 1 article with the headline: "Those 'bullet holes' aren't." They were each held on US$100,000 bail.[35]. But what we uncovered was that the FBI had obtained a floor plan of Fred Hampton’s apartment. He was just 21 years old. Noam Chomsky has called Hampton’s killing “the gravest domestic crime of the Nixon administration.”. DEBORAH JOHNSON: Someone came into the room, started shaking the chairman, said, “Chairman, Chairman, wake up. Fred Hampton, deputy chairman of the Illinois chapter of the Black Panther Party, was born on August 30, 1948 and raised in the Chicago suburb of Maywood, Illinois.In high school he excelled in academics and athletics. When there was no answer, he knocked with his gun. He worked to get more and better recreational facilities established in the neighborhoods and to improve educational resources for Maywood's impoverished black community. 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