Monogr. 75-85 days. Always consult your healthcare provider to ensure the information displayed on this page applies to your personal circumstances. Forzza, R. C. & et al. Herb. El pasto citronella (Cymbopogon nardus y Cymbopogon winterianus) es similar a las especies descritas arriba pero crece hasta una altura de 2 m y los tallos en la base son en color rojo. In Catalogue of New World Grasses (Poaceae): III. 2011. This material is provided for educational purposes only and is not intended for medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. Another type of East Indian lemongrass reportedly does not contain citral but does contain up to 30% borneol.Leung 1980, Antimutagenic properties of ethanol lemongrass extracts against certain Salmonella typhimurium strains have been demonstrated in some studies.Avoseh 2015, Vinitketkumnuen 1994 In other studies, the extract inhibited DNA adduct formation in rat colon but not liver cells.Suaeyun 1997, Vinitketkumnuen 1999 In another experiment, ethanol extracts reduced the number but not the size of lesions in rat livers with induced hepatocellular carcinoma.Puatanachokchai 2002 Studies have demonstrated toxicity and apoptosis-inducing action of the essential oil and extracts against mouse and human leukemia cells.Dubey 1997, Dubey 1997, Kumar 2008, Topical C. citratus extract exhibited antioxidant activity in mouse skin, leading to suggestions of a potential role in skin cancer prevention.Nakamura 2003, Conflicting analgesic and anti-inflammatory effects have been demonstrated in animal experiments, but most purported effects were too weak to be of clinical importance.Carbajal 1989, Carlini 1986, Lorenzetti 1991, Rao 1990, Several reports describe antimicrobial effects of lemongrass, including activity against both gram-positive and gram-negative bacterial pathogens and fungi.Baratta 1998, Chalcat 1997, Hammer 1999, Helal 2006, Kishore 1993, Lima 1993, Mishra 1994, Ogunlana 1987, Onawunmi 1984, Qureshi 1997, Wannissorn 1996, Yadav 1994 The effects are attributed in part to the geraniol (alpha-citral) and neral (beta-citral) constituents.Onawunmi 1984, Syed 1995 In a study examining 13 oils, lemongrass oil was found to be one of the most active against human dermatophyte strains, inhibiting 80% of strains and with inhibition zones more than 10 mm in diameter.Lima 1993, Clinical trials are lacking. No external malformations were noted in pups.Souza Formigoni 1986 However, in another experimental study in rats, doses higher than 1,500 mg/kg body weight showed histological changes in the stomach and liver, leading to marked abnormalities in the liver and stomach mucosa and ultimately death.Fandohan 2008, Achara, an herbal tea made from dried lemongrass leaves, was nontoxic in a small study of healthy volunteers.Orisakwe 1998 Beta-myrcene was found to be nontoxic in one study in Wistar rats,Zamith 1993 but was toxic in another in vitro study.Kauderer 1991 Aqueous extracts of the plant used as an insecticide led to some mitotic abnormalities in Allium cepa root tips grown in these extracts.Williams 1996. This information does not endorse this product as safe, effective, or approved for treating any patient or health condition. CD–ROM. Davidse, G. & R. W. Pohl. A murine study suggests the effect may be regulated through noradrenergic and serotonergic pathways.Umukoro 2017. - Searchable synonyms, formulas, resource links, and other chemical information. Lemon scented, linear, grey/green leaves. Missouri Botanical Garden. Plant Part: Leaves. Se conoce como hierba de limón en Panamá, limonaria o limoncillo en Colombia, paja cedrón en Bolivia, mal ojillo o malojillo en Venezuela, y zacate limón en Honduras, El Salvador, Costa Rica, Nicaragua y México. Dose and time-dependent adverse effects of C. citratus leaves on renal function have been reported. Avoid use. El tallo es difícil de ingerir, exceptuando la parte interna. En Paraguay forma parte de uno de los yuyos más populares para preparar la bebida denominada tereré. Morales, J. F. 2003. Pakistan Univ. 1994. An experiment in rats demonstrated dose-dependent decreases in fasting blood glucose levelsAdeneye 2007. Lemongrass is a plant. 2003 and onwards. Scientific Name(s): Cymbopogon citratus (DC.) [1]​, Las partes aéreas de la planta contienen un aceite esencial en el que se han identificado los monoterpenos alcanfor, borneol, camfeno, cineal, citral, citronelal, citronelol, fenchona, geranial, geraniol, 6-metil hep-5-en-ona, limoneno, linalol, mentol, mentona, mirceno, neral, acetato de nerol, nerol, ocimeno, alfa-pineno, terpineol, terpinoleno y los sesquiterpenos alfa-oxobisabolona, beta-cadineno y humuleno. [2]​ La especie tipo es: Cymbopogon schoenanthus Spreng. This information should not be used to decide whether or not to take this product. Poaceae. Fruto una cariopsis; hilo punteado.[2]​. You should talk with your health care provider for complete information about the risks and benefits of using this product. It is also becoming more popular o relieve digestive issues, reduce bodily aches, pains, and high temperatures, and eliminate harmful bacteria. En República Dominicana se llama limoncillo, en el Noroeste Argentino se llama por cedrón pasto. It is placed in the genus Cymbopogon (lemongrasses). Find Cymbopogon flexuosus (East Indian Lemongrass) online at Jekka's. APPLICATIONS. 2001. semillas sin tratamiento. 1994. and Cymbopogon flexuosus) LEMON GRASS, OIL (CYMBOPOGON CITRATUS DC. Cymbopogon. 93: 598–821. Sharp, D. & B. K. Simon. Rare cases of hypersensitivity have been reported. Lemongrass is used for treating digestive tract spasms, stomachache, high blood pressure, convulsions, pain, vomiting, cough, achy joints (rheumatism), fever, the common cold, and exhaustion.It is also used to kill germs and as a mild astringent. Limited clinical or experimental studies have shown antifungal and insecticidal activity, as well as potential anticarcinogenic activity, while sugg… Limited clinical or experimental studies have shown antifungal and insecticidal activity, as well as potential anticarcinogenic activity, while suggested hypotensive and hypoglycemic actions have not been confirmed. No adverse effects were reported, with efficacy lower than that of ketoconazole.Carmo 2013, Lemongrass oil has demonstrated antioxidant and radical-scavenging activity in several in vitro experiments.Cheel 2005, Masuda 2008, Menut 2000, A clinical trial (N=105) evaluating the effect of lemongrass tea on hematological indices reported positive effects on erythropoiesis, likely due to its antioxidant effects.Ekpenyong 2015, Dose-related hypotensive effects and weak diuretic actions have been demonstrated in rats.Carbajal 1989 In one study in isolated rat hearts, lemongrass extract reduced the cardiac rate but did not alter the contractile force.Gazola 2004. DESCRIPCION Al lado de la producción de aceite, el pasto citronella tiene uso culinario como “té de limón” o “de Ceylan”. 618D. 2002. El pasto de limón se usa ampliamente en Asia como hierba, particularmente en Tailandia, Laos, Sri Lanka y en la cocina caribeña. 2: 9–939. However, many strains have a higher concentration of geraniol (50%), with citral (10% to 20%) and methyl eugenol as minor components. Este mismo extracto presentó una actividad antiinflamatoria y diurética en ratas por vía intragástrica y también una actividad inhibitoria de la movilidad intestinal en ratones al administrarse por vía intraperitoneal, efecto que fue reproducido en íleon de conejo con una fracción insaponificable de la hoja y en íleon de rata con un extracto acuoso de las hojas. Drugs.com provides accurate and independent information on more than 24,000 prescription drugs, over-the-counter medicines and natural products. Botanical Name: Cymbopogon flexuosus. 1980-2005. It is one of the most widely used plants in South American traditional medicine. Description: The lemongrass plant is a medicinal herb used for a wide variety of applications. Izabela Lorena Azevedo, Ernane Ronie Martins, Anna Christina de Almeida, Wedson Carlos Lima Nogueira, Daniel Emygdio de Faria Filho, Vanessa Kelly Ferreira do Rosário Santos, Leonardo José Camargos Lara, Use of Lippia rotundifolia and Cymbopogon flexuosus essential oils, individually or in combination, in broiler diets, Revista Brasileira de Zootecnia, 10.1590/s1806-92902017000100003, … J.F. of Karachi, Karachi. Information from clinical trials is lacking to provide dosing recommendations. Refreshing, rejuvenating, stimulating, and balancing, it inspires and improves mental clarity. It has been used as an antispasmodic, antiemetic, antipyretic, and analgesic, as well as for the management of nervous system and GI disorders. U.S. Natl. One hundred and fifty mixed-sex Cobb broiler chicks were used, from one day up to 42 days of age, in a completely randomized design, with five treatments and three replicates of ten birds each. Possible irritant to sensitive skin. This is only a brief summary of general information about this product. If pregnant or under a doctor's care, consult your physician. Gard. (eds.) More details . Renvoize, S. A. la citronela es una hierba originaria del sudeste asiatico famosa por ser un buen repelente antimosquitos y por su uso en la cocina asiatica. Cymbopogon flexuosus COMMON METHOD OF EXTRACTION Steam distilled PARTS USED Grass NOTE CLASSIFICATION Top AROMA Heavy, lemony, green LARGEST PRODUCING COUNTRIES Sri Lanka, Madagascar, and Nepal TRADITIONAL USE The oil is widely used as an addition to bug repellants, and for its lemony aroma. Hammel, M.H. Lemongrass Aceite Esencial 50ml - Cymbopogon Flexuosus - India - Aceite de Limoncillo 100% Puro y Natural - Mejor para Aromaterapia - Baño - Fragancia para el Hogar - Lemongrass Essential Oil: Amazon.es: Salud y cuidado personal Inflorescencia como un par de racimos cortos, los racimos agregados en una panícula compuesta, falsa, densa, espatácea, terminal, raquis articulado arriba del par basal de espiguillas, aplanado, las espiguillas pareadas, el par basal con las espiguillas similares, sin aristas, estaminadas, los otros pares de espiguillas con una espiguilla sésil bisexual, aristada, y la otra espiguilla pedicelada estaminada o estéril, las 2 más o menos de igual tamaño, las 2 espiguillas y 1 entrenudo del raquis caedizos como una unidad, o la pedicelada desarticulándose; espiguillas sésiles lanceoladas, con 2 flósculos, glumas iguales, coriáceas, ocultadas por los flósculos, la inferior aplanada, carinada lateralmente, los márgenes superiores agudamente inflexos, la superior navicular, carinada hacia el ápice, 1–3-nervia, flósculo inferior estéril, lema inferior enervia, hialina, ciliada, pálea inferior ausente, flósculo superior bisexual, lema superior hialina, profundamente 2-lobada, cortamente aristada desde el seno, pálea superior diminuta o ausente, lodículas 2, estambres 3, estilos 2; espiguillas pediceladas similares a las espiguillas sésiles pero la gluma inferior redondeada, herbácea, pedicelos libres, flósculo inferior ausente, flósculo superior estaminado, lema superior hialina, estambres 3. (eds.) To use lemongrass in aromatherapy, add up to 12 drops of essential oil to 1 teaspoon carrier oil, such as coconut oil, sweet almond oil, or jojoba oil. Longhi-Wagner, H.M., V. Bittich, M. d. G. L. Wanderley & G. J. Shepherd. up to 1.5m, spread 1m. Contr. Subfamilies Panicoideae, Aristidoideae, Arundinoideae, and Danthonioideae. It is often added to citrus-scented perfumes and soaps, and is also used as an insect deterrent. Cymbopogon flexuosus, ext. Oil of lemongrass, West Indian. In addition, Its essential oil is produced by steam distillation of the freshly cut leaves, or it can be extracted using alcohol. 2010. 2n = 20, 22, 40, y 60. This information is not specific medical advice and does not replace information you receive from your health care provider. ), Flora of Guatemala. Always dilute before applying to the skin. Se usa comúnmente en infusiones de té, sopas y currys, lo mismo que en pescados y mariscos. Espejo Serna, A., A. R. López-Ferrari & J. Valdés-Reyna. A menudo se utiliza en la industria alimentaria como aromatizante en alimentos como helados, productos horneados, aceites, caramelos, chicles, etc. Data sources include IBM Watson Micromedex (updated 6 Jan 2021), Cerner Multum™ (updated 4 Jan 2021), ASHP (updated 6 Jan 2021) and others. Suggested Uses. Esta página se editó por última vez el 17 dic 2020 a las 14:00. Catasus Guerra, L. 1997. Lemongrass is generally recognized as safe (GRAS) in the United States. Safety Considerations for Lemongrass Essential Oil. Cymbopogon flexuosus Taxonomy ID: 79835 (for references in articles please use NCBI:txid79835) current name Evergreen perennial, Ht. Watson y espublizóse en Himalayan Districts of the North-western Provinces of India 1: 392. U.S. Natl. El extracto en dosis de 4g persona presentó una actividad depresora del sistema nervioso central en adultos. 6: i–xvi, 1–543. Contraindications have not been identified. En el Perú se usan solo las hojas en infusión. The essential oils examined included those of the following plants: lemon (Citrus limon), lemongrass (Cymbopogon citratus and Cymbopogon flexuosus), citronella (Cymbopogon nardus L.–Ceylon type and Cymbopogon winterianus—Java type), Litsea cubeba, Lippia citriodora, lemon myrtle (Backhousia citriodora), lemon gum (Eucalyptus citriodora), and precious lemon balm oil (Melissa officinalis L.). Poaceae. In Chinese medicine, lemongrass is used in the treatment of headache, stomach ache, abdominal pain, and rheumatic pain. East Indian lemon grass oil is distilled from a related species, C. flexuosus. Estado São Paulo 1: i–xxv,. Available for Android and iOS devices. Davidse, G., M. Sousa Sánchez & A. O. Chater. Luis Cabrera poco después comenta que tiene efectos antiespasmódicos, aperitivos, eupépticos y sirve para la gastroenteritis, y finalmente la Sociedad Farmacéutica de México reitera su uso como antiespasmódico y eupéptico. Sinopsis Floríst. eCollection 2019 Dec. El pasto de limón del este de la India (Cymbopogon flexuosus), también conocido como pasto de cochin, pasto de Malabar, es originario de Camboya, India, Sri Lanka, Myanmar y Tailandia mientras que el pasto de limón del oeste (Cymbopogon citratus) se presume tiene su origen en Malasia mientras ambos son usados invariablemente la especie C. citratus tiene un perfil más encaminado hacia la cocina. No data. Dilute Lemongrass with V-6 Vegetable Oil Complex for massage after workouts, sports, or just a long and busy day. 91844-92-7 - Cymbopogon flexuosus, ext. AusGrass: Grasses of Australia. Francisco Hernández en el siglo XVI relata el uso del zacate limón como antiespasmódico, antipalúdico, antitusígeno, carminativo, diaforético, ”dolor alcohólico”, estimulante y ”rubefaciente”. En la parte occidental de Cuba se le denomina caña santa y en la oriental limoncillo o yerba de calentura. Other uses include as an astringent and a fragrance in beauty products.Blumenthal 1998, Girón 1991, Leite 1986, Leung 1980, Fresh C. citratus grass contains approximately 0.4% volatile oil. Asia y Africa ecuatorial. A suggested safe limit for humans (based on an experiment in rats) is 0.7 mg/kg/day of the essential oil.Fandohan 2008, A clinical study evaluated the effect of an infusion prepared from 2, 4, or 8 g of C. citratus leaves once daily for 30 days on hematological indices.Ekpenyong 2015 At the higher dose (8 g daily), adverse effects on creatinine clearance rate and estimated glomerular filtration rate were noted.Ekpenyong 2015, Avoid use. Antioquia: Cat. How to use: topical use. J.F. Syst. https://web.archive.org/web/20140503074207/http://www.medicinatradicionalmexicana.unam.mx/monografia.php?l=3&t=zacate%20lim%C3%B3n&id=7810. Fieldiana, Bot. Es hasta el siglo XX que la Sociedad Mexicana de Historia Natural vuelve a mencionarla o recomendarla como antiespasmódico. Lemongrass has traditionally been used as a fragrance and flavoring, and for a wide variety of medical conditions. The leaves and the oil are used to make medicine. Lemongrass is considered to be of low toxicity at low doses. Grayum, C. Herrera & N. Zamora (eds.). Select one or more newsletters to continue. Missouri Bot. 6: 390–391. Filgueiras, T. S. 2003. Dose and time-dependent adverse effects of C. citratus leaves on renal function have been reported. (citronella) are used to protect cartons containing muesli and wheat germ from beetles [19]. Lemongrass has traditionally been used as a fragrance and flavoring, and for a wide variety of medical conditions. De la planta se obtiene un aceite esencial altamente aromático con aroma y sabor a limón. 161. Cymbopogon Sprengel. In one study, lemongrass leaf tea ingested for 2 weeks induced no hypoglycemic changes.Leite 1986, In a study in mice with acetaminophen-induced liver toxicity, lemongrass oil demonstrated reduced hepatocellular injury.Saenthaweesuk 2017, Uchida 2017, In a study evaluating the mosquito repellent effect of lemongrass using Aedes aegypti adult mosquitoes and differing concentrations of lemongrass oil in liquid paraffin, the oil exhibited repellent activity, which was attributed to the citral content.Oyedele 2002 Other experiments have evaluated the oil as an insecticide.Ahmad 1995, Avoseh 2015, Gilbert 1999, Antidepressant activity of C. citratus has been reported in animal models. Fl. C. flexuosus is known as cochin lemongrass, British Indian lemongrass, East Indian lemongrass, or French Indian verbena. Fl. Non-toxic, non-sensitizing. 1882. Las gramíneas (Poaceae) de Cuba, I. Fontqueria 46: [i–ii], 1–259. No debe ser confundida con el cedrón o Aloysa citridora. Recent scientific studies have provided evidence supporting its antimicrobial, antioxidant, antifungal, and anti-inflammatory properties in several disease models [1] , [2] , [3] , [4] , [5] , [6] . El llamado "aceite de lemongrass" es obtenible por destilación de dos especies distintas: el Cymbopogon citratus Stapf, a la que se considera que brinda el genuino producto, y el Cymbopogon flexuosus Satpf., llamado más apropiadamente "malabar grass" ó "cochin grass".. Lugar de origen. CD-ROM, Version 1.0. B.E. Information regarding safety and efficacy in pregnancy and lactation is lacking. The easiest way to lookup drug information, identify pills, check interactions and set up your own personal medication records. This product may be unsafe when used before surgery or other medical procedures. EPA Pesticide Chemical Code 040502. Lemongrass (Cymbopogon flexuosus) essential oil (LEO 1) has been traditionally used as a remedy for a variety of health conditions. Soreng, R. J., G. Davidse, P. M. Peterson, F. O. Zuloaga, E. J. Judziewicz, T. S. Filgueiras & O. Morrone. Mesoamer. The linear leaves can grow up to 90 cm in height and 5 mm in width. Adukwu EC, Bowles M, Edwards-Jones V, Bone H. Antimicrobial activity, cytotoxicity and chemical analysis of lemongrass essential oil (Cymbopogon flexuosus) and pure citral. However, clinical trials are lacking to support any uses. On-line taxonomic novelties and updates, distributional additions and corrections, and editorial changes since the four published volumes of the Catalogue of New World Grasses (Poaceae) published in Contr. It consists of alcohols (20 to 30% citronellol, geraniol) and aldehydes (15% geranial, 10% neral, 5% citronellal). 2000. Medically reviewed by Drugs.com. However, clinical trials are lacking to support any uses. Not to be confused with the culinary lemon grass (Cymbopogon citratus). Toxic alveolitis has been associated with inhalation of lemongrass oil. FEMA No. Vol. Cymbopogon: nombre genérico que deriva del griego kumbe = (barco) y pogon = (barba), refiriéndose a las muchas aristas y espatas parecidas a un barco. This product may adversely interact with certain health and medical conditions, other prescription and over-the-counter drugs, foods, or other dietary supplements. The base formulation with the significantly highest preference (p < 0.05) was stowed with the oil at 5, 10 or 15%. It is often used by the food industry as a flavouring in foods such as ice creams, baked goods, oils, candies, chewing gum etc Etimoloxía. With the exception of certain products that are generally recognized as safe in normal quantities, including use of folic acid and prenatal vitamins during pregnancy, this product has not been sufficiently studied to determine whether it is safe to use during pregnancy or nursing or by persons younger than 2 years of age. In: J. R. Swallen, (ed. [1] Etimología. Al del limón y puede secarse, pulverizarse o usarse fresco desinfectantes caseros y jabones and rotundifolia... Not intended for medical advice and does not replace information you receive from your health care provider for complete about. Scientific Name ( s ): III uso en desinfectantes caseros y jabones leaves are.. Linear leaves can grow up to 90 cm in height and 5 mm in.. V-6 Vegetable oil Complex for massage after workouts, sports, or French Indian verbena as,... Dose and time-dependent adverse effects of C. citratus is known as Cochin lemongrass, British Indian lemongrass cymbopogon flexuosus uses! Similares al del limón y puede secarse, pulverizarse o usarse fresco advice and does not replace you. Control measure against vector-borne diseases Heliyon antitussive, antirheumatic, and other chemical information to an herbal,,! The genus Cymbopogon ( lemongrasses ), 22, 40, y 60 complete information about product... Hojas generalmente aromáticas con olor a limón consult your physician: III is distilled a..., I. Fontqueria 46: [ i–ii ], 1–259 cm in height and 5 mm in width used. Aristidoideae, Arundinoideae, and tropical regions as Cochin lemongrass, has a wonderful lemon scent and flavor es como! Microencapsulated essential oils on broiler performance and carcass yield treated textile: a control measure vector-borne...: the lemongrass plant is a medicinal herb used for culinary purposes, as a flavoring lemongrass..., identify pills, check interactions and set up your own personal medication records 20lim % C3 % cymbopogon flexuosus uses id=7810! Citral, which is a plant & S. I. Ali ( eds ) both... Information on more than 24,000 prescription drugs, over-the-counter medicines and Natural products in Ayurvedic to. Effects of C. citratus leaves on renal function have been reported las gramíneas ( )! Aceite esencial altamente aromático con aroma y sabor a limón a long and busy day in. 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[ 2 ] ​ ; both the culms ( stems ) and leaves are used to medicine. Geraniol y citronelol son antisépticos, de ahí su uso en la parte interna references articles! Joachim Sprengel y publicado en Himalayan Districts of the North-western Provinces of 1. Species, C. flexuosus and rheumatic pain a medicinal herb used for culinary purposes, as flavoring. Medicinal herb used for a wide variety of applications produced by steam distillation of the freshly cut leaves, French., rejuvenating, stimulating, and for a wide variety of medical conditions Medicina Tradicional Mexicana wats treated:., New drug approvals, alerts and updates lacking to provide dosing recommendations for lemongrass oil la especie tipo:.: East Indian lemon grass ( Cymbopogon flexuosus ( Nees ex Steud. ), check interactions set..., una membrana ciliolada lígula, láminas lineares, aplanadas los principios químicos activos de la planta obtiene... 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