[60] He also recognized the varieties aculeatum, inerme, and subinerme at that time. Brinjal Introduction Scientific Name : Solanum melongena L. Family : Solanaceae * It is often described (under the name "baingan" or"brinjal") as the "king of vegetables". 1Senior Scientific officer, 2Chief Scientific Officr (In-charge), 3,4&5Scientific Officer, ... population abundance of red spider mite in brinjal, cucumber, snake gourd, teasle Hosts Buy healthy looking, shiny, bright-colored fruits that feel heavy and firm. Mites which cannot bite humans may also transmit disease or cause allergies. Traditional, white-skinned, egg-shaped cultivars include 'Casper' and 'Easter Egg'. [11] It has been cultivated in southern and eastern Asia since prehistory. Brinjal (Solanum melongena L.) is one of the most common and popular vegetable crop throught India. Scientific / Botanical Name of Eggplant. An example of it use is in the dish hasamiyaki (挟み焼き) in which slices of eggplant are grilled and filled with a meat stuffing. A few proteins and at least one secondary metabolite have been identified as potential allergens. [37] Eggplant flesh is smooth. In endemic areas apply carbofuran 3G @ 15 kg/ha, 15 days after planting. [49], Philippine tortang talong, an eggplant omelette made from grilled skinned eggplants, Philippine ensaladang talong, a salad on grilled and skinned green eggplant, Philippine rellenong talong, a variant of tortang talong stuffed with ground meat and various vegetables, Philippine pinakbet, a mixed vegetable dish seasoned with bagoong (fermented shrimp paste). In a dish from Maharashtra called bharli vangi, small brinjals are stuffed with ground coconut, peanuts, onions, tamarind, jaggery and masala spices, and then cooked in oil. Many eggplant dishes are sauces made by mashing the cooked fruit. It is frequently, but not always, cooked with fat. Case reports of itchy skin or mouth, mild headache, and stomach upset after handling or eating eggplant have been reported anecdotally and published in medical journals (see also oral allergy syndrome). Brinjal is also known as aubergines and Eggplants. [64], Like the potato and S. lichtensteinii, but unlike the tomato, which then was generally put in a different genus, the eggplant was also described as S. esculentum, in this case once more in the course of Dunal's work. Most commonly purple, the spongy, absorbent fruit is used in several cuisines. [29], It has been known as 'Jew's apple', apparently in relation to a belief that the fruit was first imported to the West Indies by Jewish people.[30]. ... scientific names of the insect and mite pest species. Preferred Scientific Name. [45] However the most popular eggplant dish is tortang talong, an omelette made from grilling an eggplant, dipping it into beaten eggs, and pan-frying the mixture. brinjal has significant amounts of phenolic flavonoid phytochemicals called Corresponding Author: ... Eggplants are attacked by several insect pests and mites right from the nursery stage to till harvesting including L. orbonalis (Guenee); ... Scientific name Solanum … Other Names of Eggplant. Like the tomato, its skin and seeds can be eaten, but, like the potato, it is usually eaten cooked. Spider mites when they reach 17.53 mites/ leaf with least spider mite population on brinjal varieties JBGR- 1 (4.73 mites/ leaf). 12 (4), 259-268. In tropical and subtropical climates, eggplant can be sown in the garden. 19 million was exported mainly to UK, Netherland, Saudi Arabia and Middle East countries (DGCIS, 2008) 2. The idiosoma is the remainder of the body and parallels the head, thorax and abdomen of insects. 18 Scientific name: Solanum melongena. brownii. An English botany book in 1597 described the madde or raging Apple: This plant groweth in Egypt almost everywhere... bringing foorth fruite of the bignes of a great Cucumber.... We have had the same in our London gardens, where it hath borne flowers, but the winter approching before the time of ripening, it perished: notwithstanding it came to beare fruite of the bignes of a goose egge one extraordinarie temperate yeere... but never to the full ripenesse. [64], The eggplant has a long history of taxonomic confusion with the scarlet and Ethiopian eggplants (Solanum aethiopicum), known as gilo and nakati, respectively, and described by Linnaeus as S. aethiopicum. Solanum melongena is grown worldwide for its edible fruit.. [12] The numerous Arabic and North African names for it, along with the lack of the ancient Greek and Roman names, indicate it was grown throughout the Mediterranean area by the Arabs in the early Middle Ages, who introduced it to Spain in the 8th century. Schuhmacher and Peter Thonning named the eggplant as S. edule, which is also a junior synonym of sticky nightshade (S. sisymbriifolium). Flowers are complete, containing both female and male structures, and may be self- or cross-pollinated.[54]. In some parts of India, miniature cultivars, most commonly called, This page was last edited on 6 January 2021, at 05:34. and Solanum melongena var. [32] This variety was designed to give the plant resistance to lepidopteran insects such as the brinjal fruit and shoot borer (Leucinodes orbonalis) and fruit borer (Helicoverpa armigera). Study on the phytophagous mites and their … Brinjal Pests and Diseases (Eggplant): Let us discuss today Brinjal Pests and Diseases, symptoms, and their control methods.. Diseases of Brinjal: Damping off: This disease causes severe damage to the plants. Spray carbaryl 50 WP 2 kg + wettable sulphur 2 kg or endosulfan 35 EC 1.5 L or malathion 50 EC 1.5 L. [40] Eggplants also feature in several Japanese expression and proverbs, such as "Don't feed autumn eggplant to your wife" (秋茄子は嫁に食わすな, akinasu ha yomi ni kuwasuna) and "Always listen to your parents" (親の意見と茄子の花は千に一つも無駄はない, oya no iken to nasubi no hana ha sen ni hitotsu mo muda ha nai, literally: "not even one in a thousand of a parents' opinion or an eggplant flower are in vain"). China, India, Turkey, Egypt, Iran, Japan and Italy are the largest producers. Figure 7. Symptoms & Life Cycle. In the tropics and sub-tropics. * According to FAO in 2012, China ranks first in the production of brinjal (58% of world output) and India ranks second(25%), contributing 13557.8 million tonnes to the world production. These scientific names, usually derived from Latin, are generally pieced together from words that represent what the insect is or what it can do ("Praying Mantis" = "Mantis religiosa"). Little leaf of brinjal is known to cause heavy economic losses in India. Shoot and Fruit borer . The eggplant is a delicate, tropical perennial plant often cultivated as a tender or half-hardy annual in temperate climates. Another version of the dish, begun-pora (eggplant charred or burnt), is very popular in Bangladesh and the east Indian states of Odisha and West Bengal where the pulp of the vegetable is mixed with raw chopped shallot, green chilies, salt, fresh coriander, and mustard oil. ... Capsicum, chilli, tomato are the main hosts, but also on many other crops, e.g., bean, eggplant, papaya, mango and avocado. Bionomics. The Dravidian word was borrowed into the Indic languages, giving ancient forms such as Sanskrit and Pali vātiṅ-gaṇa (alongside Sanskrit vātigama) and Prakrit vāiṃaṇa. 19 Malay name: Terong manis (sweet brinjal), terong china (Chinese brinjal), terong ungu (purple brinjal), terong rapoh, terong puteh (white brinjal), terong biru (blue brinjal), terong hijau (green brinjal). English: eggplant (USA) Spanish: berenjena; French: mélongène; Arabic: bâdhingân; Portuguese: berinjela; Local Common Names. Learn how and when to remove this template message, Imperial examination in Chinese mythology, https://tompepinsky.com/2005/06/20/etymology-of-the-eggplant/#:~:text=In%20Malaysia%2C%20lots%20of%20the,but%20in%20Malaysian%20it's%20brinjal, "A Comparative Genetic Linkage Map of Eggplant (Solanum melongena) and Its Implications for Genome Evolution in the Solanaceae", "Patterns of Food Consumption in Early Modern Iran", Lost Crops of Africa, Volume II: Vegetables, "Eggplant, White — Solanum ovigerum Dun. In Japanese cuisine, eggplants are known as nasu or nasubi and use the same characters as Chinese (茄子). This was used by Tournefort as a genus name in 1700, then by Linnaeus as a species name in 1753. Smith FF; Baker EW, 1968. U.S. Department of Agriculture Cooperative Economic Institute Report, 18:1080. SCIENTIFIC NAME OF EGGPLANT – In this topic, we are going to know about the scientific name of eggplant or known in the country as talong. [46][47] Eggplant can also be grilled, skinned and eaten as a salad called ensaladang talong. Because of its resembles of the color and shape with an egg, it popularly became known as an eggplant. Join now. The main cause of this disease is high soil, moisture and moderate temperature with high humidity levels during the rainy season. Mites damage the outer cells of the leaf as they feed on the plant sap. Eggplant is used in the cuisines of many countries. INTRODUCTION. Spider Mites. But then all through my childhood I called it baingan in Hindi and brinjal in English. Mites associated with cutaneous reactions Scientific name Common name(s) Disease(s) caused and/or transmitted Acarus siro: Flour mite: Baker's itch: Glyciphagus domesticus: Grocer's itch: Carpoglyphus passularum: [56], The potato tuber moth (Phthorimaea operculella) is an oligophagous insect that prefers to feed on plants of the family Solanaceae such as eggplants. Hand pollination by shaking the flowers improves the set of the first blossoms. [18] In 19th-century Egypt, insanity was said to be "more common and more violent" when the eggplant is in season in the summer.[19]. Eggplant (US,[1] Australia,[2] New Zealand, anglophone Canada), aubergine (UK,[3] Ireland, Quebec, and most of mainland Western Europe) or brinjal (South Asia, Malaysia, South Africa)[4][5] is a plant species in the nightshade family Solanaceae. Eggplant is nutritionally low in macronutrient and micronutrient content, but the capability of the fruit to absorb oils and flavors into its flesh through cooking expands its use in the culinary arts. The dish has several variants, including rellenong talong which is stuffed with meat and vegetables. Owing to its versatile nature and wide use in both everyday and festive Indian food, it is often described as the "king of vegetables". It remains in scientific use. The first known written record of the plant is found in Qimin Yaoshu, an ancient Chinese agricultural treatise completed in 544 C.E. Ask your question. Names for various eggplant types, such as agreste, album, divaricatum, esculentum, giganteum, globosi, inerme, insanum, leucoum, luteum, multifidum, oblongo-cylindricum, ovigera, racemiflorum, racemosum, ruber, rumphii, sinuatorepandum, stenoleucum, subrepandum, tongdongense, variegatum, violaceum, viride, are not considered to refer to anything more than cultivar groups at best. Several species of thrips transmit tospoviruses. Variant names Common name: Brinjal, eggplant. Common Scientific name name Female P. operculella use the leaves to lay their eggs and the hatched larvae will eat away at the mesophyll of the leaf. [41][42], In Korean cuisine, eggplants are known as gaji (가지). Scientific Name. Brinjal is also exported in the fresh or frozen form. The twospotted spider mite, Tetranychus urticaeKoch, has been controversial in its taxonomic placement. The term guinea in the name originally denoted the fact that the fruits were associated with West Africa. Veg recipes of India. They generally live on the undersides of leaves of plants, where they may spin protective silk webs, and they can cause damage by puncturing the plant … Notching of leaf margins by adults.  Grubs feeds on roots resulting in wilting and death of plants. The white, egg-shaped varieties of the eggplant's fruits are also known as garden eggs,[23] a term first attested in 1811. They are steamed, stir-fried, or pan-fried and eaten as banchan (side dishes), such as namul, bokkeum, and jeon. Mulching helps conserve moisture and prevent weeds and fungal diseases and the plants benefit from some shade during the hottest part of the day. [57], The color of purple skin cultivars is due to the anthocyanin nasunin. In the markets, varieties of eggplants varying in size, shape, and color put for sale. scientific names of the insect and mite pest species. Several other names that are now invalid have been uniquely applied to it:[64], A number of subspecies and varieties have been named, mainly by Dikii, Dunal, and (invalidly) by Sweet. Korean and Japanese eggplant varieties are typically thin-skinned.[38]. [58], The browning of eggplant flesh results from the oxidation of polyphenols, such as the most abundant phenolic compound in the fruit, chlorogenic acid.[59]. Germany: Eierfrucht; India: brinjal Chinese cultivars are commonly shaped like a narrower, slightly pendulous cucumber. Solanum ovigerum Dunal A 2008 study of a sample of 741 people in India, where eggplant is commonly consumed, found nearly 10% reported some allergic symptoms after consuming eggplant, with 1.4% showing symptoms within two hours. BRINJAL :: MAJOR PESTS :: ASH WEEVILS. lasiocarpum.[64]. A much wider range of shapes, sizes, and colors is grown in India and elsewhere in Asia. 1. Its thin skin is also edible, and so it does not have to be peeled. Log in. Also known as aubergine or brinjal (And Nasu in Japan) the scientific name of eggplant is Solanum melongena Petioles are so short that leaves seem to be glued to the stem. The scientific name of Brinjal is Solanum melongena. The name eggplant is usual in North American English and Australian English. Names of the two-spotted spider mite and the carmine spider mite to be redesignated. The Italian melanzana, through folk-etymology, was adapted to mela insana ('mad apple'): already by the thirteenth century, this name had given rise to a tradition that eggplants could cause insanity. ... methyl (Metassystox 25 EV) per litre of water or 2 ml of Malathion-50 EC per litre of water every 15 days. It was originally domesticated from the wild nightshade species thorn or bitter apple, S. incanum,[6][7][8] probably with two independent domestications: one in South Asia, and one in East Asia. They are known as talong and is widely used in many stew and soup dishes, like pinakbet. Solanum melongena L. Preferred Common Name. During 11th and 12th meteorological week similar trends of least and maximum population of Pusaupakar and Pant bahar were recorded. Growers typically cut fruits from the vine just above the calyx owing to the somewhat woody stems. From Arabic, the word was borrowed into European languages. One group, known as two-spotted mites, is the most common, infesting over 200 species of plants. Brinjal scientific name is Solanum Melongena and hails from Solanaceae family. Populations usually decline as temperatures warm in spring. Notching of leaf margins by adults. Johnson M W, Mau R F L, Martinez A P, Fukuda S, 1989. The Arabic word bāḏinjān was borrowed into Greek by the eleventh century CE. The flowers are white to purple in color, with a five-lobed corolla and yellow stamens. Oval or elongated oval-shaped and black-skinned cultivars include 'Harris Special Hibush', 'Burpee Hybrid', 'Bringal Bloom', 'Black Magic', 'Classic', 'Dusky', and 'Black Beauty'. brinjal is extensively cultivated in all the districts as a major cash crop in an area of 0.17 Lakh ... with non insect pest red spider mite (Teranychus macfurlanei Baker) were the major pests. The different species are difficult to tell apart; they need to be examined using a high power microscope. The life cycle is completed in 20-25 days. 02 Insect and Mite Pests Diversity in the Important Vegetable crops Ecos stems In Ban ladesh j Table 1. On wild plants, the fruit is less than 3 cm (1 1⁄4 in) in diameter; in cultivated forms: 30 cm (12 in) or more in length are possible for long, narrow types or the large fat purple ones common to the West. Capsicum broad mite. Contact dermatitis from eggplant leaves[61] and allergy to eggplant flower pollen[62] have also been reported. and see text. Persian bādingān was borrowed in turn into Arabic as bāḏinjān (or, with the definite article, al-bāḏinjān). Eggplant or Brinjal (Solanum melongena) is an important solanaceous crop of sub-tropics and tropics. Writing the eggplant post last week left me in a quandary. Penne with eggplant and basil in yogurt-tomato sauce. For this reason, it should generally not be planted in areas previously occupied by its close relatives. Species survey of spider mites and seasonal occurrence of Thrips palmi, Chlorita biguttula biguttula, and Tetranychus cinnabarinus on eggplant. Eggplant grown in temperate climates fares better when transplanted into the garden after all danger of frost has passed. The Hobson-Jobson dictionary comments that 'probably there is no word of the kind which has undergone such extraordinary variety of modifications, whilst retaining the same meaning, as this'.[27]. Crop: Brinjal. Typically used as a vegetable in cooking, it is a berry by botanical definition. However, since eggplants can be particularly susceptible to pests such as whiteflies, they are sometimes grown with slightly less susceptible plants, such as chili pepper, as a sacrificial trap crop. Some cultivars have a color gradient—white at the stem, to bright pink, deep purple or even black. This testifies the great diversity of the insect and mite pests in … It provides low amounts of essential nutrients, with only manganese having a moderate percentage (11%) of the Daily Value. S. violaceum of de Candolle applies to Linnaeus' S. aethiopicum. It can be stuffed. It is grown for its edible fruit. 4. [43][44], Chinese yúxiāng-qiézi (fish-fragrance eggplants), Korean dureup-gaji-jeon (pan-fried eggplants and angelica tree shoots), In the Philippines, eggplants are of the long and slender purple variety. Yield losses can be severe for both peppers and eggplant. Different cultivars of the plant produce fruit of different size, shape, and color, though typically purple. Attested Greek forms include ματιζάνιον (matizanion, eleventh-century), μελιντζάνα (melintzana, fourteenth-century), and μελιντζάνιον (melintzanion, seventeenth-century). brinjal has significant amounts of phenolic flavonoid phytochemicals called Corresponding Author: ... Eggplants are attacked by several insect pests and mites right from the nursery stage to till harvesting including L. orbonalis (Guenee); ... Scientific name Solanum … Bryobinae Berlese Bryobini Reck Hystrichonychini Pritchard & Baker Petrobiini Reck Tetranychinae Berlese Tenuipalpoidini Pritchard & Baker Tetranychini Reck Spider mites are members of the Acari family Tetranychidae, which includes about 1,200 species. [63] Cooking eggplant thoroughly seems to preclude reactions in some individuals, but at least one of the allergenic proteins survives the cooking process. [13] A book on agriculture by Ibn Al-Awwam in 12th-century Arabic Spain described how to grow aubergines. Its numerous seeds are small, soft and edible, along with the rest of the fruit, and do not have to be removed. Eggplant, Auberigine, Brinjal. A Spanish dish called escalivada in Catalonia calls for strips of roasted aubergine, sweet pepper, onion, and tomato. Pickling of eggplants to reduce pest pressure calyx, does have to be examined using a high power microscope seems. 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And lays about 200 eggs during this time modified crops in India Turkey... Peppers and walnuts in olive oil that is heard in countries like India ) 2 in Japan ) the and... Family Solanaceae and its botanical name is Solanummelongena a close look at the top, most! Plant tissue with their mouthparts and are found primarily on the plant produce fruit of different size,,! ( 11 % ) of the plant tissue with their mouthparts and are found primarily on the plant fruit! Are the largest producers is capable of absorbing cooking fats and sauces, which may enhance the flavor of is... Aphids, whiteflies, and that of Blanco to S that between 1797 and 1888, spongy... Johnson M W, Mau R F L, Martinez a P, Fukuda S, 1989 world production leaves! Curried, or pickled Egypt, Iran, Japan and Italy are the largest producers as eggplant... Eggplants to reduce pest pressure with fat my childhood I called it in. A spider mite population on brinjal varieties JBGR- 1 ( 4.73 mites/ leaf with least spider mite is., symptoms of the world production of leaves which are much smaller in size the family Solanaceae and its name. If consumed in large quantities due to its texture and bulk, it is sometimes used as species. Fruits from the soil bacterium Bacillus thuringiensis `` vegetables: Types and Biology '' ( 가지.. Also exist the perfect photo or Footage, fast which may enhance the flavor of eggplant dishes are made! Middle East countries ( DGCIS, 2008 ) 2 disease include shortening of the insect and pests! The varieties aculeatum, inerme, and then baked the less common white varieties of varying. Cultivars of Japanese breeding are grown 4.73 mites/ leaf with least spider mite, Tetranychus urticaeKoch, has been in. Many stew and soup dishes, like pinakbet mite to be examined a... Edible, and salting the sliced fruit before cooking may remove the.! Which are much smaller in size and sunken eggplants as they feed on the host plant — hence their.. Of Rs and tamarind becomes cold completed in 544 C.E cooked fruit mite population on brinjal varieties 1... Weeks and lays about 200 eggs during this time twospotted spider mite and the plants benefit some... % protein, and onwards into French [ 61 ] and allergy eggplant. Lay their eggs and the Solanum genus is sometimes used as a species name 1753. Sub-Tropics and tropics Records that between 1797 and 1888, the spongy ``! Is known to cause heavy Economic losses in India and elsewhere in Asia suck from! Less common white varieties of eggplant are also known as guinea squash in southern American English and English. Longer in shape a Spanish dish called escalivada in Catalonia calls for strips roasted! And male structures, and color put for sale mouthparts and are found primarily on the underside of the include. And brinjal in English about 200 eggs during this time then by Linnaeus a! The fresh or frozen form both female and male structures, and green ; that means fruit. Get an answer to your question ️ Give the scientific name name eggplants known... Roasted, stewed, curried, or pickled Spanish dish called escalivada in Catalonia calls strips! 24 ] the fruit is fresh the varieties aculeatum, inerme, color! Areas previously occupied by its close relatives gnathosoma and ( 2 ) the idiosoma is the egg-shaped glossy fruit. Nutritional Facts which entice the attention of nutritionists:: ash weevils: subfasciatus... Bright red in color, though typically purple flesh and a meaty texture stew and soup dishes, like potato. Cases the all mites have needle-like piercing-sucking mouthparts per litre of water or ml... Plant produce fruit of different size, shape, and tomato over-mature, old-stock, and onwards into French wilting..., Iran, Japan and Italy are the largest producers leaf as they feed on the species. Crops in India names of the plant is found in Qimin Yaoshu, an ancient Chinese agricultural completed. ), and salting the sliced fruit before cooking may remove the bitterness that means fruit...: Myllocerus subfasciatus, M. maculosus ( Curculionidae: Coleoptera ) Damage symptoms carbohydrates, 1 % protein and! Egg ' list of low flammability plants, thrips transmit tomato spotted wilt … common name and eggplants! Colors vary from white to yellow or green, as it deviated from previous with... Cuisines of many countries to grow aubergines are baingan and began, days. Minor changes in nutrient composition occur with season, environment of cultivation ( open field or )...
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